Andrzej Wajda

fot. Rafał Latoszek

There’s this common conception that theatre must be distant, dark, quiet and slow. Of course, I think that it should be loud, bright, direct and close. The first and fundamental thing which I keep in mind is that the audience must be awoken and not put to sleep.

A theatre and film director, screenwriter and stage designer: one of the greatest auteurs of world cinema, recipient of the lifetime achievement Academy Honorary Award (Oscar). In theatre, as in cinema, he focused on juxtaposing moral stances and choices while allowing the audience to freely evaluate and interpret them. His works included both grand historical spectacles (such as 1978’s November Night filmed on location in Warsaw’s Łazienki Park) as well as intimate plays which analyzed the psychological nuances of human interactions (such as numerous adaptations of Dostoyevsky’s works). He was known for frequently working with his favored actors (Jan Nowicki, Wojciech Pszoniak, Jerzy Radziwiłłowicz and Jerzy Stuhr, among others) and being open to their suggestions and improvisations. (source:

Andrzej Wajda at MICET: Macbeth Director’s Script app